**1. Archimedes**

Archimedes, the greatest scholar of the ancient world, made
a significant contribution to mathematics. Among his contributions is the
invention of numerous computing techniques for measuring the volume and area of
seven forms, including the conic segment.

**2. Euclid**

The book "Euclid's elements," written by Euclid,
the founder of geometry, is considered to be the best piece of historical work
in mathematics. The book is divided into thirteen sections, each of which
contains a detailed discussion of geometry by Euclid (what is now called
Euclidean geometry). His contributions to spherical geometry, conic bits, and
number theory are also well-known.

**3. Aryabhatta**

Aryabhatta, India's greatest mathematician, is known for his
theorems on celestial bodies, which have been found to be extremely accurate in
modern calculations. His only surviving book, "Aryabhatiya," has
brought the world countless theorems and study topics. The propagation of zero
to the planet and the estimation of the estimated value of pi are two of his
other significant contributions. His dissertation can be seen in areas such as
algebra, calculus, and trigonometry.

**4. Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar**

The greatest Indian mathematician of the twentieth century,
Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar, made significant contributions to number theory,
mathematical analysis, string theory, and crystallography. Any of his time's
finest contemporaries revered his brilliance. He is considered as one of the most
well-known figures in the world of number theory. Despite the fact that he
existed for just 32 years, he amassed nearly 3900 incredible results that will
astound even today's most brilliant mathematicians!

**5. Rene Descartes**

Rene Descartes, a French philosopher and scholar, was famous
for his technique of expressing geometric forms as algebraic equations. Rene
Descartes was the one who first brought us to the fascinating field of
coordinate geometry. In reality, the Cartesian coordinates refers to his name.
Rene has since made important contributions in the fields of optics and energy
conservation.

**6. Carl F. Gauss**

Carl F. Gauss was a German mathematician who was known as
princeps mathematics. Orem was a child prodigy and genius who was known as
"the Prince of Mathematicians". Set theory, statistics,
differential analysis, geophysics, electrostatics, number theory, and astronomy
are only a handful of the areas where Carl F. Gauss made pioneering
contributions. He contributed to number theory and proved the basic theorem of
algebra.

**7. Blaise Pascal**

Blaise Pascal was a French philosopher, mathematician, and
physicist who made contributions to many branches of mathematics, but he is
best known for his triangle, Pascal's triangle. In 1642, he invented the first
electronic addition unit. Pascal (Pa) is the unit of atmospheric pressure named
for him. In 1972, the programming language Pascal was named after him for his
contributions to the world of computers.

**8. Pythagoras**

Pythagoras, the Greek mathematician credited as "the
father of numbers," is best known for discovering the Pythagorean theorem
formula, which states that in a right-angle triangle, the square of the
hypotenuse (z) equals the sum of the squares of the other two sides, x and y,
resulting in x2 + y2 = z2.

**9. Sir Isaac Newton**

Sir Isaac Newton was a major figure in the fields of
mathematics and physics. His contributions can be found in almost any field. He
developed differential and integral calculus, which are still the most
important facets of higher mathematics today. He found it easy to locate the
field bounded by closed curves by using calculus. The discovery of the presence
of gravitational force in our environments was his most world-changing work in
physics..

**10. Benjamin Banneker**

Benjamin Banneker was a child prodigy who went on to become
a watch manufacturer and a mathematician. Banneker solved a variety of problems
in the field of trigonometry. He was a master of logarithms, and he used them
often in trigonometry.

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